As a beginner in the phantom quadcopter world, you may have a hard time comprehending the kind of batteries you need as well as how to use them safely. It’s easy to understand why; there is hardly any online information that gives a complete overview on the basics of a phantom quadcopter battery. This article will give you a summary so that you have the fundamentals you need to know. First we will look at what you need to know when you are choosing a quadcopter battery and then we will look at how to be safe when you are using them.
How to choose the right phantom quadcopter batteries
Most quadcopters are built to fly on LiPo (Lithium Polymer) batteries. There are several reasons that LiPos are chosen for this particular hobby. First is that they are light which means that they don’t add a lot of weight to the quadcopter. They can be tailored to any shape and size so that they can fit into different quadcopter models. The second reason they come preferred is because they have large capacity – they hold a lot of power in a small and light package. The third reason is that they have high rates of discharge which means that they are able to effectively power the electric motors on an RC plane. Lastly, they come preferred because they are rechargeable allowing reuse for long periods of time.
When you are choosing a phantom quadcopter battery, you need to take into account the following factors:
• The capacity
Capacity is measured in mAh or milliamps per hour. The number is usually indicated in the battery in and is bigger than any other inscriptions. The capacity is basically the fuel for the battery. This means that a battery that has a capacity of 2,000 mAh will run twice as long as one that has a capacity of 1,000 mAh. This means that you have to think about how long you want your quadcopter to stay in the air.
• The discharge
The discharge is amount of power that the battery can thrust. It is usually shown as 20c and it is a factor of capacity. If, for instance you have a 20c discharge on a 2000 mAh battery, you will get a discharge of 40,000 mAh (40 Amps). This is a very important calculation to know especially if you already know the power requirements of your motor.
• The voltage
Most batteries have a voltage of 3.7v. At full charge, they should have a voltage of 4.2v and the voltage should never fall below 3v when fully discharged. Most LiPo batteries have 3 layers, with each layer having a voltage of 3.7v which means that combined, the total battery package has 11.1v.
• Weight and size
Don’t be tempted to choose a bigger phantom quadcopter battery because it has more power;’ instead, consider whether it will fit in the battery casing and whether it allows the copter to balance correctly. Too big a battery will destroy your motor. Check on the motor itself to know how much voltage is required and then check the copter model to know its center of gravity.
How to use a phantom quadcopter battery safely
Most articles on the internet talk about the technical aspects of LiPo batteries but not safety. As a beginner, it is important that you know how to be safe when handling them.
• The first and most important thing you should know is that you should never be physically absent when you are charging your LiPo batteries. They are not like phones or other batteries that can be plugged in overnight or that you can leave charging. It is recommended that you be there while your battery is charging.
• Also keep them away from any fire hazards. It is usually recommended that you put them in a mug and away on a shelf.
• Charge in rooms that have a smoke detector in case of fire.
• Never charge a battery that’s inside a quadcopter. Take it out first and then charge it otherwise you risk destroying your quadcopter.
• Never charge the batteries in extreme heat. In summer, charge them in the night when temperatures are a little low especially if you don’t have AC in the charging area.
• Use the stock charger that came with the battery. When shopping, try and look for a model that has a smart charger that can turn itself off when the battery id full.
• Don’t remove batteries from the charger before they are fully charged; if you do, you risk shortening the life of your phantom quadcopter battery.
• It is recommended that you run the battery to empty before you charge it. If you recharge it before it has fully discharged, it will have a shorter life.
• Read your owner’s manual; it doesn’t matter how much you know about batteries; different manufacturers have different requirements.
• Take care of the wires. Do not, for example, carry the battery by the wire as you will eventually snap the wire.
• Don’t store your batteries when they are fully charged or fully discharged. They should be between 30 and 60% charged. You should then charge them just before you fly.
• Keep both battery and charger dry – treat it in the same way you treat other electrical equipment.
• Never puncture your battery as this increases the risk of fire.
• If you are charging and you notice that the battery has ballooned, remove it carefully from the charger and then keep it in a fire-safe place for 2 hours. After that, discharge it slowly by attaching it to a flashlight using a wire. When the flashlight goes off you battery is sufficiently discharged and can be charged again. Check it for faults before charging.
• If your battery suffers impact, remove it from the copter right away. It doesn’t matter that it doesn’t have any visible damage; remove it anyway and then watch it for 20 minutes to ensure that it is not a fire risk.
You now have a beginner’s knowledge on what to look for in a phantom quadcopter battery and what safety precautions you should take when handling it. Have a look at what is the best quadcopter frame or have a look at what is properly quadcopter longest flight time or have a look at the best x650 quadcopter or find the out more.